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Optical fibers can be used to create MR-compatible tools such as biopsy needles for performing MR-guided interventions. For example, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors are small (micron-scale), immune to electromagnetic interference, and can sense strains down to a pico-strain. They can be used to enhance minimally invasive image-guided procedures by sensing tool shapes, forces, and temperatures.
A tip force sensing needle provides useful information during image-guided insertion of tools through various membranes during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
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A 3D shape-sensing needle allows interventional radiologists to know the trajectory and profile of their flexible tools in real-time, allowing manipulation of the tool towards its intended target.
A passive master/slave manipulator enables remote trans-perineal needle placement into the prostate or other pelvic structures under direct MR guidance by a physician.
A steerable active needle provides the direct control capability of needle tip orientation, with which the needle effectively makes a detour to avoid prohibited areas or to follow a new trajectory. Optical actuation schemes make the needle MR-compatible, so that it can reduce the number of biopsy trials to reach a target precisely.
The active needle also includes optical sensors within the thin needle to measure its curvature and temperatue change for the closed loop control.
The target organ for this active needle is currently human prostate, stiffer than liver, and the needle's behavior will be investigated inside the fabricated tissue phantoms satisfying mechanical or thermal requirements.
Grasping and manipulation of biological tissue are crucial processes during minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Surgeons attempt to maintain their view and control tissue position by tailoring their selection of grasper type to the given task and modulating the grasper jaws to provide just enough force to prevent tissue slip, but not so much that damage occurs. To enable atraumatic and reliable grasping, it would be useful to detect slip. Because the grasped object (biological tissue) is moist, conformable, and delicate, and because the sensor must work in a surgical environment, this application requires a departure from conventional slip sensing methods.
Bae, J.H., Haptic Feedback System Design for MR-Guided Needle Intervention, Ph.D. thesis, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, March 2018. (also at Stanford Libraries)
Burkhard, Natalie, Mark Cutkosky, and Ryan Steger. "Slip Sensing for Intelligent, Improved Grasping and Retraction in Robot-Assisted Surgery." IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, 2018. doi: 10.1109/LRA.2018.2863360. Available as Early Access.
Han, A.K.*, Bae, J.H.*, Gregoriou, K.C., Ploch, C.J., Goldman, R.E., Glover, G.H., Daniel, B.L. and Cutkosky, M.R., "MR-Compatible Haptic Display of Membrane Puncture in Robot-Assisted Needle Procedures," IEEE Transactions on Haptics (2018). Available as Early Access
Elayaperumal, S., Renaud, P., Cutkosky, M.R., Daniel, B.L.,"A Passive Parallel Master-Slave Mechanism for MRI-Guided Interventions,",Journal of Medical Devices, ASME,2014, DOI 10.1115/1.4028944
Elayaperumal, S., Plata, J.C. Holbrook, A.B., Park, Y-L, Butts Pauly, K., Daniel, B.L., Cutkosky, M.R.,"Autonomous real-time interventional scan plane control with a 3-D shape-sensing needle,",IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.33, issue 11, pp.2128 - 2139, Nov. 2014, DOI 10.1109/TMI.2014.2332354
Park, YL; Elayaperumal, S.; Daniel, B.; Ryu, SC; Shin, M; Savall, J.; Black, R.J.; Moslehi, B.; Cutkosky, M.R., “Real-Time Estimation of Three-Dimensional Needle Shape and Deflection for MRI-Guided Interventions,” Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on , vol.15, no.6, pp.906-915, Dec. 2010
Ryu, S., Fan Quek, Z., Koh, J-S, Renaud, P., Black, R.J., Moslehi, B., Daniel, B., Cho, K-J and Cutkosky, M.R., "Design of an Optically Controlled MR-compatible Active Needle," accepted for ,IEEE Transactions on Robotics (2015)
Bae, J.H.*, Han, A.K.*, Ploch, C.J., Daniel, B.L., Cutkosky, M.R., "Haptic feedback of membrane puncture with an MR-compatible instrumented needle and electroactive polymer display," In Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE World Haptics Conference (WHC 2017). Best Paper and Best Presentation Finalist
Bae, J.H., Ploch, C., Yang, M.A., Daniel, B.L., and Cutkosky, M.R., "Display of Needle Tip Contact Forces for Steering Guidance," Haptics Symposium 2016 IEEE, 332-337.
Burkhard, Natalie, Ryan Steger, and Mark Cutkosky. "Sensing slip of grasped wet, conformable objects." Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2017 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on. IEEE, 2017. (paper).
Burkhard, N., Frishman, S., Gruebele, A., Whitney, J.P., Goldman, R., Daniel, B.L., Cutkosky, M.R., "A rolling-diaphragm hydrostatic transmission for remote MR-guided needle insertion," IEEE ICRA 2017 (pdf). Best Robotics Paper Finalist
Elayaperumal, S., Bae, J.H., Daniel, B.L. and Cutkosky, M.R.,"Detection of Membrane Puncture with Haptic Feedback using a Tip-Force Sensing Needle," IROS,2014,vol.,no.,pp.3975 - 3981,14-18 Sept. 2014 doi:10.1109/IROS.2014.6943121
Elayaperumal, S.; Bae, J.H.; Christensen, D.; Cutkosky, M.R.; Daniel, B.L.; Black, R.J.; Costa, J.M.; Faridian, F.; Moslehi, B., "Mr-compatible biopsy needle with enhanced tip force sensing," World Haptics Conference (WHC), 2013 , vol., no., pp.109,114, 14-17 April 2013 doi: 10.1109/WHC.2013.6548393
Lin, M.A., Bae, J.H., Srinivasan, S., Perkins, S.L., Leuze, C., Hargreaves, B., Cutkosky, M.R., Daniel, B.L., “MRI-guided Needle Biopsy using Augmented Reality,” to be presented at International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 25th Annual Meeting and Exhibition (ISMRM 2017) (preprint).
Y-L. Park, S. Elayaperumal, S. Ryu, B. Daniel, R. J. Black, B. Moslehi, and M. R. Cutkosky. “MRI-compatible Haptics: Strain sensing for real-time estimation of three dimensional needle deflection in MRI environments", International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM) 17th Scientific Meeting and Exhibition, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 18-24, 2009
Y-L. Park, S. Elayaperumal, B.L. Daniel, E. Kaye, K.B. Pauly, R.J. Black, and M.R. Cutkosky, “MRI-compatible Haptics: Feasibility of using optical fiber Bragg grating strain-sensors to detect deflection of needles in an MRI environment”, International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (ISMRM) 2008, 16th Scientific Meeting and Exhibition, Toronto, Canada, May 2008
S. Ryu, Z. F. Quek, P. Renaud, R. J. Black, B. Daniel, and M. R. Cutkosky. "An Optical Actuation System and Curvature Sensor for a MR-compatible Active Needle," IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), St. Paul, Minnesota, May 14-18, 2012
S. Ryu, P. Renaud, R. J. Black, B. Daniel, and M. R. Cutkosky. “Feasibility Study of an Optically Actuated MR-compatible Active Needle," IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), San Francisco, California, September 25-30, 2011